There are different options of the composition of the dry garden. Most of the times it has the central "mountain" and the surrounding "hills" - stones, boulders. Sand "river" simulates the flow of water, indicating "how difficult and confusing our life can be and how easy it is to get lost and how hard it is to find the truth". This kind of river usually flows into the ocean - big sandy area with small waves. The hills remind us of the rocks and wavy, rippling landscape.
Stone garden is like a fireplace at home, the place where you can get cosiness and warmth everyday. The garden is like the sea that rinses off the lonely islands and you, sitting on the shore, learn to look inside yourself, to delve into the depths of your soul, to escape from anxiety and fast pace of life.
Suprojektuotas akmenų sodas Japoniškame sode SAMOGITIA
The most Japanese and completely different than the other gardens around the world are the traditional dry gardens (karesansui) without water. These are a dry landscape gardens (Jap. kare – „dry“ + sansui – „landscape, mountains and rivers“), also known as Zen, or samurai gardens. This type of gardens was discovered in the period of Muromachi (1333-1568). Discovery of this type of gardens was determined by the Zen philosophy with it's main doctrine - teaching about three bodies of the Buddha: appearance (historical personage Gautama), bliss (light personification) and cosmic (the Universe as a living spiritual unity). All the phenomena of life - material and spiritual, religious and secular - converge into one whole being, which is synonymous with the Buddha. The knowledge of the truth is equal to self-knowledge, beauty lies not in the form, but the sense that the form conveys. This is why dry gardens are designated only for observation, contemplation and meditation.
Shin garden category consists of several hills (mountain landscape option), dry streams and ponds flows, garden stone set and neatly formed groups of plants.
Gyo garden category may have a slightly modified terrain, several groups of stones in the areas covered with sand and moss, diversified with simple flora.
So garden category is characterized by completely flat (flat garden version) sandy ground, in few places there are several groups of the mossy stones.
Stone compositions are composed from the odd number of stones. Typically they consist of three, five or seven stones or rock chips. It symbolizes the strength, energy and eternity. On the other side, the even numbers, according to the Ancient Japanese believes, could bring bad luck. You will never see the same stones in Japanese gardens. There must be the most important dominant stone, like the master. Other stones are complementary to the composition and function only as constituent parts.
Drawings on the gravel. Usually the gravel area in the dry gardens is "decorated", i.e. carved with a special rake with a variety of lines and their compositions. These drawings create the illusion of water and waves. For example, horizontal lines remind of a ploughed field, circles - of a wind tousled waves.